Physicochemical, Phytochemical and Antioxidant Properties of few South Indian Coastal Sand Dunes (CSD)


Author(s): Yakkala Gruha Laxmi and O. Aniel Kumar

Herbal drugs play an important role in the healthcare program, especially in developing countries. The costal Visakhapatnam sand dune species are highly significant resources that play a crucial part in neighboring people's financial and social lives. Conservation and judicious use of this coastal riches of plants are essential because they are threatened by over-exploitation, industrialization forest clearing, fast urbanization, fish farming, human settlements, etc. The inventory of ten plant species used in the present study was identified with Gamble, “Flora of the Presidency of Madras” and All thehexane, chloroform and methanol extracts were obtained using Soxhlet extraction and were screened for physicochemical, preliminary phytochemicals and antioxidant studies. The hexane, chloroform and methanol extracts of all the ten sand dune plant species were screened for phytochemical assessment and quantified the alkaloids, total phenolic, total flavonoids, tannins and saponins contents in the parameters the sand dune Ipomoea pes-capraeshowed better values when compared to other sand dunes of the present study of the ten sand dune plant species hexane, chloroform, and methanol extracts were screened for antioxidant activity with DPPH and FRAP assays, Ipomoea pes-capraegave better antioxidant activities over the rest of the sand dunes.

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