Prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girls in rural mandals of Srikakulam district, India

Abstract

Author(s): Jayaprakash R.*, and C. Manjulatha

Shortness of Iron is the most important cause of anaemia among school-going children in India.Anaemia accounts for a majority of the nutritional problem across the globe.Anaemia's prevalence isinordinately higher among developing nations becauseof low socioeconomic status and indigent access tohealthcare services. This study wascarried out todeterminethe prevalence of anaemia among adolescent girlsin rural mandals of Srikakulam district. Our study estimated the prevalence of anaemia among hosteschoolchildren and investigated factors associated with this problem in adolescent girls living in rural areas ofBandapalli,Pathapatnam, Nelabonthu of Srikakulam District. This study was a cross-sectional studyconducted among five hundred and thirteen adolescent girls fromruralareas of selected mandals ofSrikakulam district. After gettinginformed consent from the subjects, the information regarding age,sociodemographic status, menstrual history, and short clinical details were recorded. Haematological sampleswere collected and analyzed using an automated haematology analyzer. The overall prevalence of anaemiaamong adolescent girls wasconsidered in the range of 7 to 10. Our analysis of data reports that the majorityof subjects with anawere having mild anaemia (8%) followed by moderate anaemia (91%) and severeanaemia (1%), respectively. An increased prevalence of anaemia was seenduring the early and thosebelonging to low socioeconomic class. There is a significant relationship between anaand socioeconomicstatus, dietary modification, nutritional supplementation, and helminth control; besides, compliance with ironand folicacid tablets will prevent anaemia to a great extent among adolescent girls

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