Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in rural mandals of Srikakulam district, India
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Keywords

Adolescence
anemia
nutritional supplementations
socioeconomic status

How to Cite

R., J., & C., M. (2020). Prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in rural mandals of Srikakulam district, India. International Journal of Bio-Pharma Research, 9(9), 2691-2698. https://doi.org/10.21746/ijbpr.2020.9.9.1

Abstract

Shortness of Iron is the most important cause of anemia among school-going children in India. Anemia accounts for a majority of the nutritional problem across the globe. Anemia's prevalence is inordinately higher among developing nations because of low socioeconomic status and indigent access to healthcare services. This study was carried out to find out the prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls in rural mandals of Srikakulam district. Our study estimated the prevalence of anemia among hostel school children and investigated factors associated with this problem in adolescent girls living in rural areas of Bandapalli, Pathapatnam, Nelabonthu of Srikakulam District. This study was a cross-sectional study conducted among five hundred and thirteen adolescent girls from rural areas of selected mandals of Srikakulam district. After getting informed consent from the subjects, the information regarding age, sociodemographic status, menstrual history, and short clinical details were recorded. Hematological samples were collected and analyzed using an automated hematology analyzer. The overall prevalence of anemia among adolescent girls was considered in the range of 7 to 10. Our analysis of data reports that the majority of subjects with anemia were having mild anemia (8 %) followed by moderate anaemia (91 %) and severe anaemia (1 %), respectively. An increased prevalence of anemia was seen during the early and those belonging to low socioeconomic class. There is a significant relationship between anemia and socioeconomic status, dietary modification, nutritional supplementation, and helminth control; besides, compliance with iron and folic acid tablets will prevent anemia to a great extent among adolescent girls.

https://doi.org/10.21746/ijbpr.2020.9.9.1
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